|-----||food & drink|
meals, snacks & staples
Kellogg's Toasted Corn Flakes
Hellman's Blue Ribbon Mayonnaise (1912)
Mikesell's Potato Chips (1910)
Chicken Of The Sea tuna (1914)
Morton Salt (1912)
Kraft processed cheese (1917)
desserts & candy
Marshmallow Fluff (1917)
Wheat's Ice Cream
Jell-O Ice Cream Powder
Oreo cookies (1912)
Life Savers candy (1912)
Clark Bar (1911)
N.B.C. Graham Crackers
Hires Root Beer
Hall Brothers greeting cards (1916)
steel-nibbed dipping pens
Bon Ami cleansing powder
Rinso laundry detergent (1918)
Health Kups*Dixie Cups
Fels-Naphtha laundry soap
Prince Albert tobacco
colored gift wrap (1917)
Potato chips were invented at Saratoga Springs in 1853. They were known as saratoga chips and were served only in restaurants until the 1890s. Grocery stores started selling them in 1895. In the 1910s, they were becoming known as potato chips and were sold in tins or dispensed from bulk containers.
"A prize in every box"....In 1910, a box of Cracker Jack came with a coupon inside, which could be redeemed for a prize. In 1912, the company started putting actual prizes in the boxes.
Before the 1910s, cigarette smokers were definitely in the minority when it came to tobacco use. For the upper classes, cigar and pipe smoking carried more prestige. Less-refined men favored chewing tobacco. Before cigarettes were manufactured by machine, consumers either rolled their own or bought an expensive hand-made brand.
In the 1880s, the first factory-made cigarettes were produced. These tailor mades helped launch a cigarette craze, and by the 1900s cigarette smoking was a national issue. Concerned citizens formed anti-smoking groups, women were arrested for smoking in public, and government officials attempted to pass anti-smoking legislation. 15 states had a ban on cigarette sales in 1909, and it looked like the anti-smoking forces were winning.
In the 1910s, the tide began to turn the other way. Anti-smoking groups were ridiculed and anti-smoking laws were repealed. The introduction of the first book matches in 1912 made smoking easier than ever. The first modern, nationally-advertised brands went on sale during this decade....Camels, Chesterfields and Lucky Strikes.
Then came World War I. Cigarettes were handed out to the soldiers as part of their rations, and anyone who opposed this practice was labeled a traitor. A whole generation of young men came back from the war addicted to cigarettes.
child in textile mill.................$3.54/week
girl in sweatshop...................$8.76/week
Ford auto worker, 1913............$2.00/day
Ford auto worker, 1914............$5.00/day
After Henry Ford installed his assembly line in 1914, workers quit their boring and monotonous new jobs in droves. Ford instituted a $5.00 per day wage as an incentive for them to stay. This higher wage drove wages up all across the country.
average salary, 1912................$592/year
average salary, 1914................$627/year
average salary, 1916................$708/year
In the 1800s, some states tried to outlaw child labor, but were unsuccessful. In the 1900s, the progressive movement tackled the issue, and by 1914 every state had some form of child labor law. While these laws didn't eliminate child labor, they did put restrictions on it. In addition to needing a valid work permit, most kids had to reach a certain age or attain a certain level of education before they could work.
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