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1910s Movie Companies



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Metro Pictures
"It isn't the star and it isn't the play - it is the name [Metro Pictures] that guarantees you a fine evening's entertainment." (1916 newspaper ad)

Celebrated Players Film Company

Louis B. Mayer Productions

Keystone Film Company
After leaving Biograph in 1912, actor/director Mack Sennett formed this company. His most famous stars were Mabel Normand, "Fatty" Arbuckle, the Keystone Kops and the Sennett Bathing Beauties. Charlie Chaplin made his first American films here in 1914.

Triangle**Griffith Fine Arts**Goldwyn
Triangle Studios was formed in 1915 by D.W. Griffith, Tom Ince and Mack Sennett. It was known as Triangle Fine Arts and Griffith Fine Arts before being purchased by Samuel Goldwyn in 1918.

Mutual Film Company
This studio was formed in 1912. After working at Keystone and Essanay, Charlie Chaplin moved here in 1916.

Biograph Company
This New York studio was formed in 1895 and was originally known as the American Mutoscope & Biograph Company. In 1909, Florence Lawrence became a household name as the "Biograph Girl." Between 1908 and 1912, many future film stars launched their careers here: directors D.W. Griffith and Mack Sennett and actors Mary Pickford, Mabel Normand and the Gish sisters.

Edison



American Vitagraph Company
This studio also originated in New York in the 1890s. After making the move to California in 1910, a studio was built in the Hollywood area in 1912. Vitagraph films during this decade featured Mary Pickford, Lillian and Dorothy Gish, Adolphe Menjou, Norma Talmadge, Douglas Fairbanks, Lionel Barrymore, John Bunny, Larry Semon and Oliver Hardy.

United Artists
In 1919, D.W. Griffith, Mary Pickford, Charlie Chaplin and Douglas Fairbanks formed this company, which distributed films made by independent producers. The company itself didn't own a studio, so producers used the Pickford-Fairbanks Studio.

Pickford-Fairbanks Studio
In 1918, Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks purchased the old Hampton Studios. It was renamed the Pickford-Fairbanks Studio and was used by producers who came to make movies for United Artists.

Essanay
This company was formed in Chicago in 1907. Charlie Chaplin moved here from Keystone in 1915.

Lubin
Oliver Hardy did his first film work here between 1913 and 1915. The company ceased operations in 1917.


----- Selig
Selig studios were located in New Orleans, Chicago and California. Movie cowboy and former rodeo star Tom Mix made over 100 films here between 1910 and 1917. The studio folded in 1917.

IMP**Universal Films
Carl Laemmle started the Independent Motion Picture Company (IMP) in 1909. Both Florence Lawrence and Mary Pickford worked here briefly during 1910 and 1911. In 1912, IMP merged with four other studios to become Universal Films. A former chicken farm near Los Angeles became Universal City in 1915.

Kalem
This studio was founded in 1907 and was purchased by Vitagraph in 1916. Between 1914 and 1917, they produced the "Ham & Bud Comedies."



Ince
Tom Ince had been a director at IMP and part-owner of Triangle Studios. He built his own studio in 1918.

Pathe
This French company established studios in London in 1902 and New York in 1904. During the 1910s, they were best known for producing the "Perils Of Pauline" serial and the "Pathe Weekly" newsreels.

Fox
William Fox worked as an arcade owner and film distributor before beginning his studio in 1915. During this decade, his most famous stars were Theda Bara and Tom Mix.

First National
This studio was founded in 1917 by a group of film exhibitors who wanted to have control over the films they showed in their theaters. After moving from studio to studio, Charlie Chaplin finally settled here in 1918, where he built the Charlie Chaplin Studio. Mary Pickford also worked here briefly in 1918.



Famous Players In Famous Plays
Adolph Zukor formed this company in 1912. His films starred well-known stage actors and were some of the first feature-length movies to be made. Mary Pickford worked here between 1913 and 1916.

Lasky Feature Play Company
This company was formed in 1913 by Jesse Lasky, Samuel Goldwyn and Cecil B. DeMille. The idea was to make film adaptations of Broadway hits. The studio was an old barn and the dressing rooms were empty horse stalls. DeMille also directed films here.

Famous Players/Lasky
In 1916, Zukor's Famous Players and Lasky's Feature Play Company merged to become Famous Players/Lasky. When Mary Pickford negotiated her new contract here in 1916, Artcraft Pictures was formed to distribute her films. The other Famous Players films were distributed by Paramount Film Distribution. Pickford left in 1918, and Paramount and Artcraft were purchased by the studio and became subsidiaries.



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